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Coronavirus Actual Facts

The coronavirus is a quickly spreading virus that can be extremely dangerous. Coronavirus is made up of a large family of viruses which effects range from causing the common cold to triggering much more serious diseases, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome, or otherwise called SARS. Coronaviruses are common in many different species of animals, like camels and bats. Recently, these coronaviruses evolved and infected  humans and then spread quickly, as it is highly contagious through human contact. The symptoms of coronaviruses are similar to any other general sickness, including runny nose, coughing, sore throat, and in some cases a fever . In most cases, you won’t know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus. Where did the coronavirus come from? 

It may have started among animals but spread to humans in China and has now spread to 37 countries, killing at least 774 people. “In humans coronaviruses infect cells of the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract and are responsible for about one third of all common colds,” States morgridge.com. Other coronaviruses are also serious agricultural threats because they are known to infect cattle, pigs, birds, dogs, cats and rodents. “The coronavirus receives its name from the halo or crown (corona) that is seen when the virus is viewed by an electron microscope,” morgridge.com.  This morphology is actually attributed to the glycoproteins the virus uses to attach to the host cell.  Theoronaviruses also have an enveloped structure with a positive sense RNA genome. In humans coronaviruses infect cells of the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract and are responsible for about one third of all common colds. It is important to know that- unlike what many people would argue- the coronavirus is not a immediate or life-threatening issue, people have simply blown it out of proportion.

 

By: Avery Frarer

Photo Credits: https://www.webmd.com/lung/news/20200124/coronavirus-2020-outbreak-latest-updates

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